Research on Women in the Military

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Below is a collection of reports and articles that are an excellent overview of the current state of combat integration in the US Military.

Combat Deployment Is Associated with Sexual Harassment or Sexual Assault in a Large, Female Military Cohort

LeardMann, et al. for the Millennium Cohort Study Team

Summary:

        This study was published 17 May 2013. Using longitudinal data from Millennium Cohort participants, the associations of recent deployment as well as other individual and environmental factors with sexual harassment and sexual assault were assessed among U.S. female military personnel.

CRS Report for Congress- Women in Combat: Issues for Congress

David F. Burrelli, Specialist in Military Manpower Policy, Congressional Research Service.

Summary:

        Published May, 9th 2013 this is one of the most recent reports on the current status of Women in Combat in the US.  The report briefly traces the history of women in the military and in combat in the US, with a focus on the impact of legislation. The report also looks at issues of Gender-Neutral Standards, Submarines, Selective Service, and Pregnancy.

Women in Combat A Reference Handbook

Rosemarie Skaine

Summary:

        This is one of the most up to date and comprehensive books on the subject of Women in Combat in the US Military.  It covers the background, current issues, and international comparisons.  While the author is clearly for integration, she does an excellent job balancing arguments.  Despite being 300+ pages, this book is worth reading in its entirety as it summarizes almost all other reports effectively. 

Women In Combat Compendium

Michele M. Putko, Douglas V. Johnson II, Strategic Studies Institute, Army War College

Summary:

        Published in 2008, this is a selection of eight articles on the subject on gender integration in the military.  Three of the articles are first person accounts on the subject, while the others are based on quantitative survey data and policy analysis.  The overall conclusion is that women should be integrated into combat roles in the US Army.

The Extent of Restrictions on the Service of Active-Component Military Women

Laura L. Miller, Jennifer Kavanagh, Maria C. Lytell, Keith Jennings, Craig Martin, RAND National Defense Research Institute

Summary:

Published in 2012, this report gives a historical overview and brief description of women’s current roles in the military, with a special emphasis on the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. The report systematically analyses each branch’s occupations closed to women, and the justification behind the closure.  RAND found that in 2011, 99% of the Air Force’s occupations open to women, 88% of the Navy’s, 68% of the Marine Corps’ and lastly 66% of the Army’s.

Assessing the Assignment Policy for Army Women

Margaret C. Harrell, Laura Werber, Peter Schirmer, Bryan W. Hallmark, Jennifer Kavanagh, Daniel Gershwin, Paul Steinberg, RAND Corp

Summary:

        Published in 2007, this book was prepared for the DoD and covers the Army’s interpretation and application of the 1994 Assignment Policy.  The latter half of the book is dedicated to recommendations and outlook for future implementation of the policy.  This book focuses particularly on the unique situation in Iraq, with its nonlinear battlefield and culture specific issues.

Tools for gender research in the security sector:

Gender Self-Assessment Guide for the Police, Armed Forces and Justice Sector

Megan Bastick, DCAF

Summary

        This is self-assessment framework for security sector administrations and overseers to determine their gender responsiveness.  This assessment is designed to increase justice equality for, and the full and equal participation of men and women.  The framework is based on six themes of Performance effectiveness; Laws, policies and planning; Community relations; Accountability and oversight; Personnel; and Institutional culture.  The assessment can be performed by analysts within and outside the target institution and utilizes a variety of methods in order to identify any cultural, social or institutional barriers.