The Gender Perspective in Policy and Operations

Event Details

  • Date:





NOVEMBER 15, 2018

Since the adoption of the United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325) on Women, Peace and Security in 2000, states and international security organizations have worked to further increase diversity and to incorporate gender analyses in their policies and practices. The primary objective of this workshop is to examine the implementation of gender guidelines, covering both diversity targets and the incorporation of gender perspectives in policies, operational planning and missions. The workshop’s guiding questions can thus be summarized as follows: how are organizations and states implementing international guidelines on gender as part of their internal (organizational) and external (operations) activities? What challenges remain for national armed forces, governments or international organizations?


09:00 – 9:15am: Welcome remarks by Stéfanie von Hlatky (CIDP, Queen’s)

09:15 – 10:45am: Promoting Diversity in the Canadian Armed Forces –

Understanding the Career Cycle

Moderator: Meaghan Shoemaker (Queen’s/DND)

• Recruitment and Retention: Nancy Otis (DRDC)

• Education and Training: Alan Okros (Canadian Forces College)

• Military-to-Civilian Transition: Victoria Tait (Carleton University)

10:45-11:00am: Coffee break


Keynote by Kayla Williams (Center for New American Security)

12:00-13:00pm: Lunch (buffet style)

13:00-15:30pm: NATO and Partner Countries

Moderator: Stéfanie von Hlatky

• NATO: James Collins (Allied Command Operations GENAD, SHAPE)

• US perspective (civilian): Olivia Holt-Ivry (Ivry Consulting)

• US perspective (military): Kristy Kamarck (Congressional Research


15:30-15:45pm: Coffee break

15:45-17:30pm: Gender and Organizational/Operational Effectiveness

Moderator: Colonel Christopher Ingels (US Army)

• Barriers to integration: Allan English (Queen’s University)

• Women in combat: Ellen Haring (WIIS, SWAN)

• Gender training: Elizabeth Lape (Individual Training and Learning,

Joint Staff J7/Joint Training/Deployable Training Division [US])

17:30pm Reception

Stéfanie von Hlatky is an associate professor of political studies at Queen’s University and the former Director of the Queen’s Centre for International and Defence Policy (CIDP). She received her Ph.D. in Political Science from Université de Montréal in 2010, where she was also Executive Director for the Centre for International Peace and Security Studies. She’s held positions at Georgetown University, the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, Dartmouth College, ETH Zurich and was a Fulbright Visiting Research Chair at the University of Southern California’s Centre for Public Diplomacy. She has published in the Canadian Journal of Political Science, the Canadian Foreign Policy Journal, International Journal, European Security, Asian Security, as well as the Journal of Transatlantic Studies and has a book with Oxford University Press entitled American Allies in Times of War: The Great Asymmetry (2013). She has published two edited volumes: The Future of US Extended Deterrence (co-edited with Andreas Wenger) with Georgetown University Press (2015) and Going to War? Trends in Military Interventions (co-edited with H. Christian Breede) with McGill-Queen’s University Press (2016). Stéfanie von Hlatky is founder of Women in International Security-Canada and current Chair of the Board.

Meaghan Shoemaker is a PhD Candidate in the Department of Political Studies at Queen’s University and Policy Analyst for the Department of National Defence, where she is the research lead for diversity and inclusion at the Canadian Defence Academy Headquarters. Since 2016, Meaghan has led the Centre for International and Defence Policy’s Gender Lab, a research group that conducts first-class research and analysis on topics related to gender and defence studies. Meaghan is currently involved in a five-year project focusing on gender mainstreaming for veterans in Ontario, led by Principal Investigator Dr. Stéfanie von Hlatky.

Dr. Nancy Otis is a Defence Scientist, at the Department of National Defence since 2006. She holds a PhD in Experimental Psychology from the University of Ottawa, Canada. Dr. Nancy Otis is a member of the Recruitment & Retention Team in DGMPRA, Director General Military Personnel Research and Analysis, where she leads the program of research on Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) recruitment, including leading the CAF Recruiting Survey, the CAF Prospect Survey, and recruitment issues specific to the officer cadets. Between 2013 and 2017, she was a member of the European Defence Agency Working Group on the impact of demographic change on the recruitment of Armed Forces personnel. Her work has been presented at various national and international conferences and published in over 25 technical reports and academic journals.

Dr. Okros is a Professor in the Department of Defence Studies at the Canadian Forces College, Toronto. He retired from the Canadian Forces in 2004 with 33 years service having being responsible for four academically focussed organizations including the Canadian Forces Leadership Institute where he led a multi-disciplinary team that produced CAF doctrine on leadership and professionalism. He has contributed to a range of research projects, policy analyses and programme development to achieve mandated diversity objectives and enhance the operational effectiveness of the Canadian Armed Forces. In 2009 he prepared an update on CAF policies and experiences with gays serving in the CAF as well as providing expert testimony in 2010 at the US court case that struck down Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell. In 2014, he completed a study on CAF policies and experiences of trans* individuals serving in the CAF. He also provided invited input to both the CAF Deschamps Review and the Broderick Review of women in the Australian Defence Force. He has provided academic support to several cohorts of senior officers on the Joint Command and Staff Programme at CFC who have conducted analyses of diversity topics including the Deschamps Review, Operation HONOUR, the Elsie Initiative and the G7 theme of Building a Peaceful and Secure World and has also supervised ten Masters Directed Research Projects examining aspects of diversity in the military.

Victoria Tait (MA Queen’s) is a PhD Candidate in Carleton’s Political Science Department. Victoria’s PhD dissertation examines the normative and practical goals of UNSCR 1325 and how the security apparatus of the Canadian state has interpreted these objectives, and communicated them to Canadian soldiers. Victoria is a recipient of the 2015 Women in Defence and Security (WiDS) Memorial Scholarship and the 2016 Geoffrey Pearson Travel Bursary. She was an executive editor for Federal Governance and is an active reviewer for Armed Forces & Society. She is currently working as a collaborator on a Social Sciences and Research Council of Canada (SSHRC) Insight Grant with Dr. Maya Eichler on the experiences of female veterans. Victoria’s PhD research is funded by SSHRC and the Carleton Department of Political Science.

Kayla M. Williams is a Senior Fellow and Director of the Military, Veterans, and Society Program at the Center for a New American Security (CNAS). She previously served as Director of the Center for Women Veterans at the Department of Veterans Affairs, where she was the primary adviser to the Secretary on department policies, programs, and legislation affecting women veterans. Kayla spent eight years at the RAND Corporation researching servicemember and veteran health needs and benefits, international security, and intelligence policy. Ms. Williams was enlisted for five years as an Arabic linguist, serving in a Military Intelligence company of the 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault). She is the author of Love My Rifle More Than You: Young and Female in the U.S. Army, a memoir about her deployment to Iraq, and Plenty of Time When We Get Home: Love and Recovery in the Aftermath of War, about her family’s journey from war trauma to healing. Kayla graduated cum laude with a BA in English Literature from Bowling Green State University and earned an MA in International Affairs with a focus on the Middle East from American University. She is a former member of the VA Advisory Committee on Women Veterans and the Army Education Advisory Committee, a 2013 White House Woman Veteran Champion of Change, and a 2015 Lincoln Award recipient.

An NGO idealist at his core, James began his career progressively worked for a series of NGOs specialized in bridging the NGO community with the business world or the military before joining NATO. From the US Peace Corps in Mauritania, through a series of small NGOs specializing in labor rights issues and monitoring and evaluation, he eventually transitioned to work on Civil-Military relations in Washington DC for the NGO Global Impact. Following his engagement with various US Military commands, and specifically NATO, James joined NATO in 2012 to focus on the inclusion of NATO within the wider international community coordination on Somalia as part of NATO’s anti-piracy mission Operation Ocean Shield. From this initial role, in 2014 he progressed to become a Humanitarian Advisor for Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe. In 2017, following on to his previous work as a Gender Focal Point within SHAPE, James was appointed the Gender Advisor to SACEUR in carrying forward NATO implementation of the Women Peace and Security on operations.

Olivia Holt-Ivry is an independent consultant on gender, peace, and security. She advises and trains multilateral, government, and non-profit clients on strategy, policy, and programs related to inclusion in peace and security and the integration of civil society partners. Her topical expertise includes gender in security sectors; National Action Plans on Women, Peace, and Security; and women’s inclusion in ceasefires, peace processes, and constitution reform. Her clients include Save the Children US, the Truman Center for National Policy, the US Department of Defense, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), and the UN Development Programme (UNDP).

Kristy N. Kamarck is a military personnel analyst at the Congressional Research Service (CRS), a U.S. legislative branch agency providing objective, non-partisan, and authoritative policy research and consultation to members of Congress and their staff. Her main areas of research and writing include diversity and inclusion in the Armed Forces, servicemember-toveteran transition, and military sexual assault. Prior to CRS, Ms. Kamarck worked on issues related to forces and resources and acquisition policy at the RAND Corporation and spent three years in RAND’s Middle East office in Doha, Qatar. Ms. Kamarck is a graduate of the United States Naval Academy with a B.S. in Economics and served as a Surface Warfare Officer in the Navy. She holds a Master’s degree in Public and Economic Policy from the London School of Economics and Political Science.

Christopher Ingels is an Intelligence officer in the United States Army, holding the rank of Colonel. In 24 years of service, he has served in multiple assignments around the globe including seven years in Germany, with two operational deployments to Iraq, and one deployment to Afghanistan as part of the NATO ISAF mission. He commanded the Army’s Albany Recruiting Battalion, which is responsible for recruiting activities in four states and Europe, and has recently arrived from the U.S. Army’s Forces Command. Colonel Ingels received his Bachelor of Arts degree in Political Science from the University at Albany, New York, and holds a Master’s degree in Military Theater Operations, from the U.S. Army’s School of Advanced Military Studies at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.

Allan English teaches Canadian Military History in the Queen’s University History Department. His book Understanding Military Culture: A Canadian Perspective was published in 2004 and he continues to research and publish in that area. He has taught various courses related to military culture, organizational change, and ethics and the military profession at the undergraduate and graduate levels at Queen’s and the Royal Military College of Canada and to senior and general/flag officers at the Canadian Forces College in Toronto for over 30 years. His latest research examines systemic obstacles to culture change in the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF), especially that change intended to reduce the incidence of sexual misconduct in the CAF. His latest publication on this topic is “Corruption in the Canadian Military? Destroying Trust in the Chain of Command,” Canadian Foreign Policy Journal (2017).

Dr. Ellen Haring is the Director of Programs and Research at the Service Women’s Action Network. She is also a senior fellow at Women in International Security where she directs the Combat Integration Initiative. Haring’s research and work focuses on women and gender in the military. She is a West Point graduate and a retired U.S. Army colonel. She holds a PhD in Conflict Analysis and Resolution and she is an Adjunct Associate Professor at Georgetown University where she teaches courses on Human Security and Women, Peace and Security. Haring has published numerous articles and papers on a wide array of military and security related topics. She is a guest speaker on foreign and domestic news shows including: CNN, PBS News Hour, National Public Radio, BBC Radio, and Voice of America. She guest lectures and has been invited to address members of Congress.

Elizabeth Owens Lape, Ph.D. (CDR, USN (ret)) completed a 23 year career in the U.S. Navy after serving in a wide variety of shore management, training, and joint billets retiring as an Education & Training Subspecialist and as a Joint Specialty Officer. She graduated from the Purdue University NROTC program, received her Master’s in Education from Old Dominion University, and her Doctorate in Higher Education Administration at Old Dominion University. As a Government Civilian, Dr. Lape (GS14) is currently serving as the Deputy of the Individual Training and Learning Branch for the Joint Staff J7 where she is responsible for Joint Course Certification, Blended Learning, Joint Staff Officer Fundamentals and Women, Peace and Security Training/Education.